The 999

Archive ID220
DescriptionThe 999
Record TypeGeneric
CollectionThe Joseph A. Smith Collection
CreatorAmerican Heritage Publishing Company
Date Created
Reference #
SourceSmith, Joesph A.
Date AcquiredJune 28, 2006
Size14.5 x 9.0 cm
In ColorYes
Negative Exist
SubjectsAmerican Heritage Publishing Company
Locomotive, Steam
New York Central & Hudson River Railroad
New York Central Railroad
New York State


27 THE 999 William Buchanan designed this high-wheeled 4-4-0 type, No. 999, for exhibition at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893; the New York Central built her at its West Albany shops. After some preliminary runs, she was tested May 10, 1893, pulling the westbound Empire State Express on a nearly straight stretch of level track between Batavia and Buffalo, New York. Engineer Charles H. Hogan took the bridle off, covering one of the 36 miles of the run in 31.2 seconds ?at the rate of 112.5 miles per hour. Never before had mankind traveled so fast. Since then the Pennsylvania Railroad claims to have made 127.1 miles per hour with a 4-4-2 type steam engine, No. 7002, in Ohio on June 11, 1905 ?a claim which some experts dispute. The French National Railroads actually attained 207 miles per hour with an electric locomotive March 29, 1955, for an unequalled world's record. But no diesel locomotive has ever approached 999's top speed. NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD


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