The Black Diamond, Inspection Engine and Pay-Car

Archive ID216
DescriptionThe Black Diamond, Inspection Engine and Pay-Car
Record TypeGeneric
CollectionThe Joseph A. Smith Collection
CreatorAmerican Heritage Publishing Company
Date Created
Reference #
SourceSmith, Joesph A.
Date AcquiredJune 28, 2006
Size14.5 x 9.0 cm
In ColorYes
Negative Exist
SubjectsAmerican Heritage Publishing Company
Baldwin Locomotive Works
Locomotive, Inspection Engines
Locomotive, Steam
National Museum of Transport (St. Louis, Missouri)
Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company
Reading Railroad
St. Louis, Missouri


23 THE BLACK DIAMOND, INSPECTION ENGINE AND PAY-CAR Baldwin-built in 1889 for the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Co., then part of the Reading system, this 26,000-pound, 2-2-2-type engine was a self-propelled car used by company officials for inspection trips. She aiso traveled the line once a month, stopping often to pay the employees. The company had five such engines. each named Black Diamond, in tribute to coal. The Reading?s life depended largely on the coal mines of Pennsylvania. This engine is now in the National Museum of Transport at St. Louis, Missouri. Pay-trains were common sights on North Amer?ica?s big railroads for at least eighty years, beginning in the 1850?s. Unlike the Black Diamond, each pay-train usually consisted of an engine pulling a car or two. Known as the "money wagon" or "band wagon" and sometimes carrying up to a quarter-million dollars in gold and silver at a time, pay-cars operated only in daylight, for security reasons, and were well equipped to fight off bandits. MISS ROSEMARIE BOYLE


Submitted by: Ken Bradford on: February 08, 2010

From The Museum of Transportation READING "BLACK DIAMOND" Baldwin/1889 S Inspection locomotive 2-2-2T

Submitted by: Ken Bradford on: February 08, 2010

Archive #12,967 contains a Black and White postcard of this locomotive.